The geology of the 15 Cook Islands in the south-central Pacific is briefly described and their geological history outlined. All are the summit portions of extinct Tertiary volcanoes; six of the seven Northern Group islands are atolls, four of the Southern Group are makatea-type islands, and the others include a high mountainous volcanic island, a hilly near-atoll, an atoll, and a sand cay. Radiometric ages from Rarotonga are Late Pliocene, foraminifera from the makatea (raised coral reef) of Mangaia are Oligocene or Miocene, and much of the limestone underlying the atolls is probably middle Tertiary.
pp. 103 fold-out maps and map in pocket #0721 Wood, B.L.; Hay, R.F. 1970 Geology of the Cook Islands. Lower Hutt: New Zealand Geological Survey. New Zealand Geological Survey bulletin 82 103 p.