First US Edition, pp. 256 illusts #0518 Whitney Chadwick is Professor of Art at San Francisco State University. She has lectured and published widely in the areas of surrealism, feminism, and contemporary art.
- Gertrude Abercrombie (1909–1977) was a Chicago artist inspired by the Surrealists, who became prominent in the 1930s and 1940s. She was also involved with the jazz music scene and was friends with musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and Sarah Vaughan.
- Marion Adnams (1898 – 1995) was an English painter, printmaker, and draughtswoman, notable for her surrealist paintings.
- Eileen Forrester Agar (1899–1991) was born in Argentina and moved to Britain in childhood. She was prominent among British surrealists; Agar made intricate collages and paintings of abstract organic shapes.
- Rachel Baes (1912-1983) was a Belgian painter, who from 1929 onwards was a member of the Surrealist group around René Magritte.
- Fanny Brennan (1921-2001), painter
- Emmy Bridgwater (1906–1999) was an English artist and poet associated with the Surrealist movement.
- Leonora Carrington (1917–2011) was a British-born Mexican Surrealist painter. She met the Surrealist Max Ernst in 1937, and had a painful and complicated relationship with him. Much of her work is autobiographical.
- Ithell Colquhoun (1906–1988) was a British Surrealist painter and author.
- Leonor Fini (1907–1996), born in Buenos Aires and raised in Trieste, met the Surrealists in 1936 but never officially joined. She paints startling images, often with sphinxes or apparitions.
- Valentine Hugo (1887–1968), was an illustrator and married to Jean Hugo, she participated in the Surrealist movement between 1930 and 1936.
- Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) was a Mexican painter claimed by Breton as surrealist, though Kahlo herself rejected the label.